Heart Valve Diseases Ankara
Heart valve diseases are diseases caused by stenosis or inadequate functioning of the valves in the right and left chambers of the heart. Although a few of them are congenital, most heart valve diseases occur later, that is, acquired. The heart valves play an important role in the healthy functioning of the heart. The heart pumps blood by contracting about 100.000 times a day. The pumped blood travels between the heart chambers and is cleaned in the lung and begins to circulate in the veins. When there is any problem with the heart valves, the blood cannot be pumped to the body properly. Heart valve diseases are like a house with a leaky roof, so it is important and can cause serious problems if not taken timely. For this reason, it is very important to intervene in heart valve diseases in a timely manner. For more information about heart valve diseases and their treatment in Ankara, you can contact clinic of Prof. Basri Amasyalı and make an appointment.
What Heart Valves Do?
Two are small in our hearts; there are four rooms, two of which are large. While small rooms are called as “atrium”; large chambers are called as ventricles. The chambers in the left region of the heart are where clean blood; the chambers on the right provide the exit of the dirty blood. The valve between the small and large chambers on the left side of the heart is the “mitral valve”; the one on the right is called the “tricuspid valve”. These chambers and valves in the heart work in an organized manner and ensure that the dirty blood is cleaned by the lungs and pumped to the body. This order works like a clock. However, when there is any problem in the heart valves, the blood flow cannot be carried out in a healthy way. The disease we call “heart valve diseases” occurs.
Are Heart Valve Diseases Congenital?
Heart valve diseases can be present from birth. Congenital heart valve failure cases are also called “congenital heart valve disorders”. Congenital heart diseases can be diagnosed after a certain period of time, usually in the womb, or they can be diagnosed after birth. Today, by means of advanced examinations and imaging studies, many mothers can obtain information about their baby’s heart health before birth.
However, most heart valve diseases occur after birth and these are called “acquired heart valve diseases”. The biggest reason is cardiac rheumatism in childhood. In some cases, diseases related to the heart valves can occur in later ages due to aging. Some of these develop due to heart attacks due to atherosclerosis or due to damage to the heart caused by reasons such as blood pressure and diabetes.
What Causes Heart Valve Diseases?
So what causes heart valve diseases? Heart valve diseases can occur due to many reasons. If we count the diseases that can cause heart valve diseases other than congenital causes;
- Rheumatic diseases (most common)
- Heart infections
- Heart enlargement
- Tumors, aortic aneurysms and some drugs cause heart valve diseases.
What are the Symptoms of Heart Valve Diseases?
In each of the heart valve diseases, the patient can feel different symptoms. Some heart valve diseases cause only mild palpitations, while others can even cause paralysis. Common symptoms of heart valve diseases include:
- Fatigue quickly
- Shortness of breath
- Bruising on the hands and lips
- Swelling sensation and edema in the legs
- Embolism (blood clotting and occlusion of the vessels)
- Paralysis and rhythm disorders
What are Heart Valve Diseases?
Heart valve diseases are diseases caused by narrowing or insufficiency of heart valves in general. So there are two possibilities. Either the blood cannot go where it needs to go because of the stenosis in the valve or the blood leaks back from the place where the blood goes due to the insufficiency of the valve. This situation makes the heart tired and enlarged day by day. The most common of these disorders are diseases of the aortic and mitral valves.
Aortic Valve Stenosis
There are two reasons. It is a rare condition in which the congenital aortic valve is in the form of two leaflets instead of three. It is more acquired, that is, it occurs later. It occurs due to calcification that develops in the valves especially in those who have had heart rheumatism (rheumatic fever) or due to advanced age.
Aortic Valve Insufficiency
It is a heart valve disease that usually occurs as a result of serious heart diseases. It is common after diseases in which the heart enlarges, such as aortic aneurysms, traumas, cardiomyopathy. In some cases, it can be seen on the background of cardiac rheumatism with aortic stenosis.
Mitral Valve Stenosis
It is the most common heart valve disease. In patients with mitral valve stenosis, blood cannot pass from the left atrium to the left ventricle. For this reason, the forward and flow of blood is prevented. This causes intense shortness of breath and heart palpitations in the patient. The risk of embolism can increase and signs of heart failure can occur.
Mitral Valve Insufficiency
In the patients with mitral valve insufficiency, the forward blood flows back to the left atrium. Therefore, the heart is overloaded and there is progressive enlargement of the left atrium. In cases left untreated, serious health problems can occur in a short time.
Mitral Valve Prolapse
It is a rare disorder. It is usually seen in 1-2% of the population, often in young women. Rhythm problems are the most common symptom. It is a disease that usually responds to drug treatment. It can be congenital.
Ankara Heart Valve Diseases Treatment
Patient history is very important in the treatment of heart diseases. In the treatment of heart diseases, it can be necessary to use blood thinners from time to time. Additional treatments can be required if some patients have accompanying rhythm disturbances. Close follow-up of accompanying diseases such as blood pressure and diabetes has an important place in the treatment of heart valve diseases. Some frequently used blood pressure medications need to be examined in detail in terms of damaging the heart valve. Treatment planning should be done individually, focusing on issues such as whether the patient has a problem in using these drugs, his/her age, and other chronic or acute disorders. Our priority in the treatment of heart valve diseases; it is the treatment of the valves without damaging the patient’s own heart valve. However, in some cases, heart valve replacement becomes mandatory. At this point, in the decision-making phase, the evaluation and guidance of a specialist doctor is also very effective in the success of the operation. If you want to get detailed information about the treatment of heart valve diseases and treatment prices in Ankara, you can call our clinic.